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Structure. 2013 May 7;21(5):861-7. doi: 10.1016/j.str.2013.03.007. Epub 2013 Apr 18.

Substrate-induced conformational changes in the S-component ThiT from an energy coupling factor transporter.

Author information

1
Department of Biochemistry, Groningen Biomolecular Sciences and Biotechnology Institute, Netherlands Proteomics Centre and Zernike Institute for Advanced Materials, University of Groningen, Nijenborgh 4, 9747 AG Groningen, The Netherlands.

Abstract

Energy coupling factor (ECF) transporters are a recently discovered class of ABC transporters that mediate vitamin uptake in prokaryotes. Characteristic for ECF-type ABC transporters are small integral membrane proteins (S-components) that bind the transported substrates with high affinity. S-components associate with a second membrane protein (EcfT) and two peripheral ATPases to form a complete ATP-dependent transporter. Here, we have used EPR spectroscopy, stopped-flow fluorescence spectroscopy, and molecular dynamics simulations to determine the structural rearrangements that take place in the S-component ThiT from Lactococcus lactis upon binding of thiamin. Thiamin-induced conformational changes were confined to the long and partially membrane-embedded loop between transmembrane helices 1 and 2 that acts as a lid to occlude the binding site. The results indicate that solitary ThiT functions as a bona fide high-affinity substrate binding protein, which lacks a translocation pathway within the protein.

PMID:
23602660
DOI:
10.1016/j.str.2013.03.007
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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