Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Cell Metab. 2013 May 7;17(5):657-69. doi: 10.1016/j.cmet.2013.03.013. Epub 2013 Apr 18.

Pleiotropic roles of bile acids in metabolism.

Author information

1
Department of Biological Chemistry, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA.

Abstract

Enzymatic oxidation of cholesterol generates numerous distinct bile acids that function both as detergents that facilitate digestion and absorption of dietary lipids, and as hormones that activate four distinct receptors. Activation of these receptors alters gene expression in multiple tissues, leading to changes not only in bile acid metabolism but also in glucose homeostasis, lipid and lipoprotein metabolism, energy expenditure, intestinal motility and bacterial growth, inflammation, liver regeneration, and hepatocarcinogenesis. This review covers the roles of specific bile acids, synthetic agonists, and their cognate receptors in controlling these diverse functions, as well as their current use in treating human diseases.

PMID:
23602448
PMCID:
PMC3654004
DOI:
10.1016/j.cmet.2013.03.013
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center