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Ophthalmology. 2013 Sep;120(9):1809-13. doi: 10.1016/j.ophtha.2013.01.056. Epub 2013 Apr 17.

Strategy for the management of complex retinal detachments: the European vitreo-retinal society retinal detachment study report 2.

Collaborators (188)

Ducournau D, Lucke K, Nawrocki J, Potamitis T, Adelman RA, Boscher C, Bopp S, Kuhn F, Mortada H, Fiser I, Nowosielska A, Facino M, Benmerzouga N, Metti F, Razzari A, Miesbauer P, Schönherr U, Zeynalova Z, Bashir SJ, Jacob J, Koch P, Ladha R, Smets E, Stalmans P, Dare A, Daskalov V, Tanev I, Devenyi R, Lam WC, Shaheeda M, Potamitis T, Belfinova S, Dusova J, Fiser I, Rusnak S, Veith M, Christensen SR, El Rayes E, Mortada H, Shouman A, Holm M, Albinet P, Amar JP, Becquet F, Berrod JP, Boulze M, Boscher C, Courjaret JC, Denion E, Ducournau D, Fourmaux E, Guigou S, Hamon F, Lafontaine PO, Le Rouic JF, Leynaud JL, Nochez Y, Perone JM, Rysanek B, Soyeur R, Bopp S, Brix A, Höhn F, Kusserow C, Lucke K, Mohr A, Schüler A, Weinberger A, Gotzaridis S, Karatzenis D, Stefaniotou M, Tsilimbaris MK, Tsouris D, Tsang CW, Gabor R, Szijarto Z, Babu N, Banker AS, Bapaye M, Kelkar A, Entezari M, Moghadam HF, Ramezani A, Safarpour Lima B, Omer K, Boscia F, Freno MC, Cian R, Donvito G, Facino M, Lesnoni G, Liuzzi F, Mete M, Mininni F, Mochi B, Primavera V, Romano M, Pertile G, Turco I, Vastarella P, Fong K, Lee MW, Loo AV, Harrison OA, Flores-Aguilar M, Montero LM, Hernandez GL, Velasco I, Boeyden V, Bosscha M, De Vries Knoppert W, Lindstedt E, De Lavalette VW, Van Den Biesen PR, Alhassan M, Baerland TP, Bober AM, Forsaa V, Fossen K, Varhaug P, Atienza NF Jr, Cisiecki S, Fryczkowski P, Kowal-Lange A, Michalewska Z, Michalewski J, Nawrocki J, Nowosielska A, Odrobina D, Pietras Trzpiel M, Zakrzewska A, Meireles A, Teixeira S, Elshafei M, Danielescu C, Talu S, Altynbaev U, Gorin A, Serejine I, El Deeb M, Davidovic S, Ignjatovic Z, Stefanickova J, Venter L, Chang W, Jo YJ, Kim JY, Lee J, Lim ST, Sagong M, Ascaso FJ, Castro J, Cordoves L, Esteban CD, Manresa JM, Vilaplana D, Janiec S, Tomic Z, Yahia SB, Acar N, Güngel H, Kapran Z, Osmanbasoglu O, Ozdek S, Topbas S, Totan Y, Ünver YB, Chichur D, Dobrovolskey O, Kozlovska I, Lytvynchuk L, Phylypchuk O, Postolovska A, Sergiienko A, Shevchyk V, Winder S, Culotta J, Kim S, King J, Kurup SK, Lin SJ, Pacurariu R, Roth D, Sinclair S, Sipperley J, Weber P, Doan H, Tung T.

Author information

1
Department of Ophthalmology & Visual Science, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, USA. ron.adelman@yale.edu.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To study the outcome of the treatment of complex rhegmatogenous retinal detachments (RRDs).

DESIGN:

Nonrandomized, multicenter, retrospective study.

PARTICIPANTS:

One hundred seventy-six surgeons from 48 countries spanning 5 continents reported primary procedures for 7678 RRDs.

METHODS:

Reported data included clinical manifestations, the method of repair, and the outcome.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Failure of retinal detachment repair (level 1 failure rate), remaining silicone oil at the study's conclusion (level 2 failure rate), and need for additional procedures to repair the detachments (level 3 failure rate).

RESULTS:

The main categories of complex retinal detachments evaluated in this investigation were: (1) grade B proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR; n = 917), (2) grade C-1 PVR (n = 637), (3) choroidal detachment or significant hypotony (n = 578), (4) large or giant retinal tears (n = 1167), and (5) macular holes (n = 153). In grade B PVR, the level 1 failure rate was higher when treated with a scleral buckle alone versus vitrectomy (P = 0.0017). In grade C-1 PVR, there was no statistically significant difference in the level 1 failure rate between those treated with vitrectomy, with or without scleral buckle, and those treated with scleral buckle alone (P = 0.7). Vitrectomy with a supplemental buckle had an increased failure rate compared with those who did not receive a buckle (P = 0.007). There was no statistically significant difference in level 1 failure rate between tamponade with gas versus silicone oil in patients with grade B or C-1 PVR. Cases with choroidal detachment or hypotony treated with vitrectomy had a significantly lower failure rate versus treatment with scleral buckle alone (P = 0.0015). Large or giant retinal tears treated with vitrectomy also had a significantly lower failure rate versus treatment with scleral buckle (P = 7×10(-8)).

CONCLUSIONS:

In patients with retinal detachment, when choroidal detachment, hypotony, a large tear, or a giant tear is present, vitrectomy is the procedure of choice. In retinal detachments with PVR, tamponade with either gas or silicone oil can be considered. If a vitrectomy is to be performed, these data suggest that a supplemental buckle may not be helpful.

FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE(S):

The author(s) have no proprietary or commercial interest in any materials discussed in this article.

PMID:
23601805
DOI:
10.1016/j.ophtha.2013.01.056
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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