Send to

Choose Destination
Immunity. 2013 Apr 18;38(4):694-704. doi: 10.1016/j.immuni.2012.12.003.

T cell factor 1 is required for group 2 innate lymphoid cell generation.

Author information

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA.


Group 2 innate lymphoid cells (ILC2) are innate lymphocytes that confer protective type 2 immunity during helminth infection and are also involved in allergic airway inflammation. Here we report that ILC2 development required T cell factor 1 (TCF-1, the product of the Tcf7 gene), a transcription factor also implicated in T cell lineage specification. Tcf7(-/-) mice lack ILC2, and were unable to mount ILC2-mediated innate type 2 immune responses. Forced expression of TCF-1 in bone marrow progenitors partially bypassed the requirement for Notch signaling in the generation of ILC2 in vivo. TCF-1 acted through both GATA-3-dependent and GATA-3-independent pathways to promote the generation of ILC2. These results are reminiscent of the critical roles of TCF-1 in early T cell development. Hence, transcription factors that underlie early steps of T cell development are also implicated in the development of innate lymphoid cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Publication type, MeSH terms, Substances, Grant support

Publication type

MeSH terms


Grant support

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center