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Indian J Radiol Imaging. 2012 Jul;22(3):182-5. doi: 10.4103/0971-3026.107179.

Pituitary stalk transection syndrome: Comparison of clinico-radiological features in adults and children with review of literature.

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1
Department of Radiology, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Center, Cochin, Kerala, India.

Abstract

Hypo-pituitarism results from impaired production of one or more of anterior pituitary trophic hormones. A rare cause of hypo-pituitarism is pituitary stalk transection syndrome. The MRI features of this condition in children and its association with hormonal deficiencies have been reported earlier. Reports on adults with this disorder are scarce, with only one small case series published in the recent literature. We studied the hormonal deficiency pattern and MRI findings of 12 patients with pituitary stalk transection syndrome who presented to our department between 2004 and 2011. Six patients were children and six were adults (≥18 years). This article compares the adult clinico-radiological phenotype of pituitary transection syndrome with the pediatric group of patients with same condition.

KEYWORDS:

Ectopic posterior pituitary; hypo-pituitarism; magnetic resonance imaging; pituitary hormones; stalk transaction syndrome

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