Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2013 Jun;20(e1):e91-6. doi: 10.1136/amiajnl-2012-001178. Epub 2013 Apr 18.

Quality improvement in preoperative assessment by implementation of an electronic decision support tool.

Author information

1
Institute of General Practice, Family Medicine and Preventive Medicine; Paracelsus Medical University, Salzburg, Austria. maria.flamm@donau-uni.ac.at

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To evaluate the impact of the electronic decision support (eDS) tool 'PReOPerative evaluation' (PROP) on guideline adherence in preoperative assessment in statutory health care in Salzburg, Austria.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

The evaluation was designed as a non-randomized controlled trial with a historical control group (CG). In 2007, we consecutively recruited 1363 patients admitted for elective surgery, and evaluated the preoperative assessment. In 2008, PROP was implemented and available online. In 2009 we recruited 1148 patients preoperatively assessed using PROP (294 outpatients, 854 hospital sector). Our analysis includes full blood count, liver function tests, coagulation parameters, electrolytes, ECG, and chest x-ray.

RESULTS:

The number of tests/patient without indication was 3.39 in the CG vs 0.60 in the intervention group (IG) (p<0.001). 97.8% (CG) vs 31.5% (IG) received at least one unnecessary test. However, we also observed an increase in recommended tests not performed/patient (0.05±0.27 (CG) vs 0.55±1.00 (IG), p<0.001). 4.2% (CG) vs 30.1% (IG) missed at least one necessary test. The guideline adherence (correctly tested/not tested) improved distinctively for all tests (1.6% (CG) vs 49.3% (IG), p<0.001).

DISCUSSION:

PROP reduced the number of unnecessary tests/patient by 2.79 which implied a reduction of patients' burden, and a relevant cut in unnecessary costs. However, the advantage in specificity caused an increase in the number of patients incorrectly not tested. Further research is required regarding the impact of PROP on perioperative outcomes.

KEYWORDS:

clinical guideline; electronic decision support; implementation; preoperative assessment

PMID:
23599223
PMCID:
PMC3715339
DOI:
10.1136/amiajnl-2012-001178
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Silverchair Information Systems Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center