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Neurobiol Aging. 2013 Sep;34(9):2208-16. doi: 10.1016/j.neurobiolaging.2013.03.010. Epub 2013 Apr 16.

IDE (rs6583817) polymorphism and type 2 diabetes differentially modify executive function in older adults.

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1
Department of Psychology, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.

Abstract

We tested independent and interactive contributions of a recently noted and promising insulin degrading enzyme polymorphism (IDE; rs6583817) and type 2 diabetes (T2D) to executive function performance, concurrently and longitudinally. Regarding normal neurocognitive decline and Alzheimer's disease, T2D is a known risk factor and this IDE variant might contribute risk or risk reduction via the minor (A) or major (G) allele. We compared normal aging and T2D groups (baseline n = 574; ages 53-95 years) over 2 longitudinal waves (mean interval = 4.4 years). We used confirmatory factor analysis, latent growth curve modeling, and path analysis. A confirmed single-factor model of 4 executive function tasks established the cognitive phenotype. This IDE variant predicted concurrent group differences and differential change in cognitive performance. Furthermore, the IDE major allele reduced risk of cognitive decline. T2D predicted performance only concurrently. Both IDE and T2D are associated with executive function levels in older adults, but only IDE moderated 2-wave change. Previously linked to Alzheimer's disease, this IDE variant should be further explored for its potential influence on cognitive phenotypes of normal aging.

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