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Exp Ther Med. 2013 Apr;5(4):1165-1168. Epub 2013 Feb 25.

Studies on the effect of adenosine on calcium oscillation in hippocampal neurons.

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1
Department of Neurology, The Affiliated Hospital of Binzhou Medical University, Binzhou 256603, P.R. China.

Abstract

Adenosine (Ade) is an antiepileptic agent. In order to investigate the possible mechanism of action of Ade, its effect on calcium (Ca2+) oscillations in hippocampal neurons of Sprague Dawley (SD) rats was explored. Primary hippocampal neurons were cultured from suckling neonatal SD rats. Cells were cultured for 7-9 days and the Ca2+ oscillations in response to perfusion with Ade were detected using confocal laser scanning microscopy in combination with Fluo-3/AM labeling. This study found that Ade inhibits the spontaneous synchronized Ca2+ oscillation frequency and amplitude in mature hippocampal neurons and such inhibition depends on the Ade dosage level to a certain extent. Ade also had a significant inhibitory effect on high potassium-induced Ca2+ oscillation frequency and amplitude. Ade had a significant inhibitory effect on high-voltage-activated Ca2+ channel-mediated Ca2+ influx and Ca2+ oscillations in neurons. This may be one of the mechanisms for Ade to exert antiepileptic effects as an endogenous substance.

KEYWORDS:

adenosine; calcium oscillation; confocal laser scanning microscope

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