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Opt Lett. 2013 Apr 15;38(8):1364-6. doi: 10.1364/OL.38.001364.

Čerenkov excited fluorescence tomography using external beam radiation.

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Thayer School of Engineering, Dartmouth College, 14 Engineering Drive, Hanover, New Hampshire 03755, USA. Jennifer‑


Radiation treatment of cancer induces an optical Čerenkov emission throughout the treated volume, which could be used to excite molecular reporters in vivo, allowing molecular sensing of tissue response during fractionated therapy. In this Letter, the idea that spatial mapping of this signal can be achieved with tomographic recovery of the fluorophore distribution is tested for the first time using 6 MV photons from a linear accelerator in a heterogeneous tissue phantom. Čerenkov light excited fluorophores throughout the tissue phantom, and diffuse tomography was used to recover images. Measurements from 13 locations were used, with spectrometer detection and spectral fitting, to separate the fluorophore emission from the Čerenkov continuum. Fluorescent diffuse tomographic images showed a linear response between the concentration and the reconstructed values. The potential to apply this molecular imaging in treatment with molecular reporters appears promising.

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