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Rev Esp Cir Ortop Traumatol. 2013 Jan-Feb;57(1):15-20. doi: 10.1016/j.recot.2012.08.004. Epub 2012 Oct 11.

[The UniSpacer™: correcting varus malalignment in medial gonarthrosis. Preliminary results].

[Article in Spanish]

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Departamento de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología, University Hospital Giessen and Marburg, Giessen, Alemania.


While options for operative treatment of leg axis varus malalignment in patients with medial gonarthrosis include several established procedures, such as unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA), total knee arthroplasty (TKA), or high tibial osteotomy (HTO), so far there has been little focus on a less invasive option introduced more recently: the UniSpacer™ implant, a modern, self-centering, metallic interpositional device for the knee. This study evaluates whether alignment correction can be achieved by UniSpacer™ arthroplasty as well as alignment change in the first 5 postoperative years is evaluated. Antero-posterior long leg stance radiographs of 15 legs were digitally analyzed to assess alignment change: two relevant angles and the deviation of the mechanical axis of the leg were analyzed before and after surgery. Additionally, the change of the postoperative alignment was determined one and five years postoperatively. Analyzing the mechanical tibiofemoral angle, a significant leg axis correction was achieved, with a mean valgus change of 4.7±1.9°; a varus change occurred in the first postoperative year, while there was no significant further change of alignment seen five years after surgery. The UniSpacer™ corrects malalignment in patients with medial gonarthrosis; however, a likely postoperative change in alignment due to implant adaptation to the joint must be considered before implantation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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