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Eur J Clin Invest. 2013 Jul;43(7):708-15. doi: 10.1111/eci.12096. Epub 2013 Apr 18.

The LPS-induced increase in circulating microparticles is not affected by vitamin C in humans.

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1
Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Microparticles (MP) are considered to promote coagulation. This study aimed to characterize the time course of MP levels and the effect of high-dose vitamin C on MP formation during inflammation in an in vivo Escherichia coli endotoxin (LPS) model.

METHODS:

Microparticle formation was studied in 14 male subjects in a cross-over trial who received either intravenous vitamin C at 320 mg/kg body weight (BW) or 480 mg/kg BW or saline solution in a random order on alternate trial days 3 h after intravenous exposure to LPS (2 ng/kg BW). Venous blood samples were taken before, 3 and 6 h after LPS. D-dimer, leucocyte count, C-reactive protein, plasma vitamin C and body temperature were assessed as inflammatory parameters. MP were detected using flow cytometric analysis and expressed in 10³ MP/mL plasma.

RESULTS:

Microparticles levels were decreased from baseline 848 units [range 431-1705] by 21% to 671 units [253-1586] at 3 h and increased by 32% to 1119 units [288-4443] at 6 h after LPS. This pattern was not influenced by administration of vitamin C, with a change from 730 units [399-1396] at baseline by an increase to 832 units [215-2168] at 3 h to 1055 units [350-4858] at 6 h. MP subpopulations followed similar dynamics. Alterations in inflammatory parameters were independent from vitamin C administration during endotoxemia.

CONCLUSION:

Microparticles are increased in acute systemic inflammation with inconsistent changes in MP subgroups in healthy subjects. Systemic vitamin C administration does not mitigate MP formation and D-dimer levels during acute systemic inflammation, suggesting that MP-induced coagulation activity is not affected by vitamin C.

PMID:
23594362
DOI:
10.1111/eci.12096
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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