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Eur J Clin Invest. 2013 Jul;43(7):708-15. doi: 10.1111/eci.12096. Epub 2013 Apr 18.

The LPS-induced increase in circulating microparticles is not affected by vitamin C in humans.

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Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.



Microparticles (MP) are considered to promote coagulation. This study aimed to characterize the time course of MP levels and the effect of high-dose vitamin C on MP formation during inflammation in an in vivo Escherichia coli endotoxin (LPS) model.


Microparticle formation was studied in 14 male subjects in a cross-over trial who received either intravenous vitamin C at 320 mg/kg body weight (BW) or 480 mg/kg BW or saline solution in a random order on alternate trial days 3 h after intravenous exposure to LPS (2 ng/kg BW). Venous blood samples were taken before, 3 and 6 h after LPS. D-dimer, leucocyte count, C-reactive protein, plasma vitamin C and body temperature were assessed as inflammatory parameters. MP were detected using flow cytometric analysis and expressed in 10³ MP/mL plasma.


Microparticles levels were decreased from baseline 848 units [range 431-1705] by 21% to 671 units [253-1586] at 3 h and increased by 32% to 1119 units [288-4443] at 6 h after LPS. This pattern was not influenced by administration of vitamin C, with a change from 730 units [399-1396] at baseline by an increase to 832 units [215-2168] at 3 h to 1055 units [350-4858] at 6 h. MP subpopulations followed similar dynamics. Alterations in inflammatory parameters were independent from vitamin C administration during endotoxemia.


Microparticles are increased in acute systemic inflammation with inconsistent changes in MP subgroups in healthy subjects. Systemic vitamin C administration does not mitigate MP formation and D-dimer levels during acute systemic inflammation, suggesting that MP-induced coagulation activity is not affected by vitamin C.

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