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PLoS One. 2013 Apr 11;8(4):e61344. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0061344. Print 2013.

Differential metabolite profiles during fruit development in high-yielding oil palm mesocarp.

Author information

1
Sime Darby Technology Centre, Lebuh Silikon, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia. teh.huey.fang@simedarby.com

Abstract

To better understand lipid biosynthesis in oil palm mesocarp, in particular the differences in gene regulation leading to and including de novo fatty acid biosynthesis, a multi-platform metabolomics technology was used to profile mesocarp metabolites during six critical stages of fruit development in comparatively high- and low-yielding oil palm populations. Significantly higher amino acid levels preceding lipid biosynthesis and nucleosides during lipid biosynthesis were observed in a higher yielding commercial palm population. Levels of metabolites involved in glycolysis revealed interesting divergence of flux towards glycerol-3-phosphate, while carbon utilization differences in the TCA cycle were proven by an increase in malic acid/citric acid ratio. Apart from insights into the regulation of enhanced lipid production in oil palm, these results provide potentially useful metabolite yield markers and genes of interest for use in breeding programmes.

PMID:
23593468
PMCID:
PMC3623811
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0061344
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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