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J Natl Cancer Inst. 1990 Jul 4;82(13):1142-5.

In vitro induction of tumor necrosis factor alpha, tumor cytolysis, and blast transformation by Spiroplasma membranes.


Membranes of Spiroplasma sp. strain MQ-1 (hereafter referred to as MQ-1) were potent inducers of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF alpha) secretion and of blast transformation. Specific anti-recombinant murine TNF alpha antibodies markedly inhibited macrophage-mediated tumor cytolysis of A9 fibrosarcoma target cells following activation by MQ-1 membranes. Thus, TNF alpha plays a major role in mediation of tumor cytolysis induced by MQ-1 membranes, which is similar to its role in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced tumor cytolysis. Two findings, however, suggested that the mechanism of macrophage activation by MQ-1 membranes differs from that by LPS: (a) macrophages, taken from C3H/HeJ mice showing a low responsiveness to LPS, were activated by MQ-1 membranes to enhanced TNF alpha secretion, resulting in a high-level tumor cytolysis compared with the negligible tumor cytolysis induced by LPS; and (b) MQ-1 membranes and LPS synergized to highly augment TNF alpha secretion by macrophages of C57BL/6 mice. MQ-1 membranes were capable of inducing blast transformation of murine lymphocytes as well. In addition, they activated human monocytes to secrete high levels of TNF alpha. Further studies need to be carried out using in vivo models to evaluate the therapeutic potential of MQ-1 membranes in the treatment of malignant diseases.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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