Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Microbiol Immunol. 2013 Apr;57(4):298-308. doi: 10.1111/1348-0421.12033.

GB virus C infection in Indonesian HIV-positive patients.

Author information

1
Center for Infectious Diseases, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Kobe, Japan.

Abstract

GB virus C (GBV-C), a human virus of the Flaviviridae family that is structurally and epidemiologically closest to hepatitis C virus (HCV), has been reported to confer beneficial outcomes in HIV-positive patients. However, the prevalence of GBV-C in HIV-positive individuals in Indonesia is unknown. Since GBV-C is more prevalent in anti-HCV positive patients than in anti-HCV negative subjects, transmission of GBV-C and HCV could be by the same method. This study examined the prevalence and molecular characteristics of GBV-C infection in HIV patients in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. The prevalence of GBV-C among HIV patients (n = 125, median age 31 years) based on the 5'UTR region was 111/125 (88.8%), including 39/48 (81.3%) and 72/77 (93.5%) HIV-infected patients with and without HCV infection, respectively. GBV-C isolates were of genotype 2a, 3 and 6 in 58.3%, 12.6% and 28.4% of patients, respectively. Patients with genotype 3 were significantly younger than those with genotypes 2a or 6 (P = 0.001 and P = 0.012, respectively). Genotypes 3 and 6 were significantly associated with injection drug use (P = 0.004 and P = 0.002, respectively) and HCV co-infection (P < 0.001 for both genotypes), indicating a shared transmission route with HCV. In conclusion, the prevalence of GBV-C among HIV-positive patients in Indonesia is high, and three genotypes were detected, namely genotype 2a, 3 and 6.

PMID:
23590588
DOI:
10.1111/1348-0421.12033
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Publication type, MeSH terms, Substances, Secondary source ID

Publication type

MeSH terms

Substances

Secondary source ID

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center