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Eur J Gynaecol Oncol. 2013;34(1):86-9.

Primary peritoneal low-grade serous carcinoma forming a mass in the colon mimicking a colonic primary carcinoma: a case report.

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Department of Pathology, Florida Hospital Orlando, Orlando, Florida 32803, USA.


Primary carcinomas of Müllerian origin involving the colon is not an uncommon phenomenon, with most cases reportedly associated with endometriosis. On the other hand, a primary peritoneal low-grade serous carcinoma presenting as a dominant mass in the colon and causing clinical symptoms mimicking a primary colonic carcinoma has not been reported in the literature to the best of the authors' knowledge. A case of a 66-year-old female patient who presented clinically with rectal bleeding and a rectosigmoid mass is described. The final histologic examination revealed a peritoneal low-grade serous carcinoma forming a dominant mass in the rectosigmoid colon. Of particular interest was a microscopic spectrum of serous epithelial proliferation in the peritoneal cavity and lymph nodes with morphologic features reminiscent of non-invasive and invasive implants in ovarian borderline serous tumors, which most likely denoted the precursors of the tumor in the colon.

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