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Biotechnol Appl Biochem. 2013 Jan-Feb;60(1):41-51. doi: 10.1002/bab.1085.

Aluminum-substituted heme domain of P450BM-3 (BMP): introducing a heme-derived fluorescent probe for studies of substrate binding and protein-protein interactions in cytochromes P450.

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Department of Biochemistry, The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, Dallas, TX, USA.


We describe a novel technique for heme removal and replacement in the heme domain of P450BM-3 (BMP). The method was applied to obtain the aluminum-protoporphyrin IX (Al-PP) substituted derivative of BMP (Al-BMP). The overall yield of the purified Al-BMP was about 15% as related to the initial amount of the hemeprotein. Al-BMP possesses extensive fluorescence in the 550-650 nm region with excitation in the porphyrin absorbance bands. The protein was shown to bind substrates of P450BM-3 (palmitic, arachidonic, and cis-parinaric acids) with affinities similar to those of the native enzyme (3-6 µM). However, the substrate-induced changes in fluorescence of Al-PP reveal the existence of a second, low-affinity substrate-binding site, which cannot be detected by the spin shift in the native, heme-containing BMP. Using fluorescence resonance energy transfer, we have demonstrated that Al-BMP forms a complex with the flavoprotein domain of P450BM-3 labeled with 7-ethylamino-3-(4'-maleimidylphenyl)-4-methylcoumarin maleimide, revealing the affinity similar to that of native BMP (Kd = 5 µM at 0.06 M ionic strength). Therefore, aluminum-substituted BMP may serve as a valuable tool in studies on the mechanisms of interactions of P450s with their substrates and protein partners.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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