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Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 2013 Dec;79(6):824-31. doi: 10.1111/cen.12223. Epub 2013 May 11.

No difference in phenotype of the main Dutch SDHD founder mutations.

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Department of Endocrinology and Metabolic Diseases, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands.



SDHD mutations predispose carriers to hereditary paraganglioma syndrome. The objective of this study was to assess the genotype-phenotype correlation of a large Dutch cohort of SDHD mutation carriers and evaluate potential differences in clinical phenotypes due to specific SDHD gene mutations.


Retrospective, descriptive single-centre study.


All consecutive SDHD mutation carriers followed at the Department of Endocrinology of the Leiden University Medical Center were included.


Subjects were investigated according to structured protocols used for standard care, including repetitive biochemical and radiological screening for paragangliomas.


Two hundred and one SDHD mutation carriers with a mean age at presentation of 42·6 ± 14·4 years and a mean follow-up of 5·8 ± 5·4 years were evaluated. Eighty-one percent carried the SDHD c.274G>T (p.Asp92Tyr) mutation and 13% the SDHD c.416T>C (p.Leu139Pro) mutation. No differences in clinical phenotype between these two specific SDHD mutations were found. Ninety-one percent developed one or multiple paragangliomas in the head and neck region (HNPGLs), of which the carotid body tumour was the most prevalent (85%). Eighteen carriers developed pheochromocytomas, fifteen sympathetic paragangliomas and nine carriers (4%) suffered from malignant paraganglioma. By end of follow-up, sixteen SDHD mutation carriers (8%) displayed no biochemical or radiological evidence of manifest disease.


The two main Dutch SDHD founder mutations do not differ in clinical expression. SDHD mutations are associated with the development of multiple HNPGLs and predominantly benign disease.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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