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J Periodontal Res. 2014 Feb;49(1):69-76. doi: 10.1111/jre.12080. Epub 2013 Apr 16.

Natural killer T cells mediate alveolar bone resorption and a systemic inflammatory response in response to oral infection of mice with Porphyromonas gingivalis.

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1
Center for Transdisciplinary Research, Niigata University, Niigata, Japan; Division of Oral Science for Health Promotion, Laboratory of Periodontology and Immunology, Niigata University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Niigata, Japan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:

T and B cells are known to be involved in the disease process of periodontitis. However, the role of natural killer T cells in the pathogenesis of periodontitis has not been clarified.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

To examine the role of these cells, C57BL/6J (wild-type), CD1d(-/-) and α-galactosylceramide (αGC)-stimulated wild-type mice were orally infected with Porphyromonas gingivalis strain W83.

RESULTS:

Apart from CD1d(-/-) mice, the level of alveolar bone resorption was elevated by the infection and was further accelerated in αGC-stimulated mice. The infection induced elevated levels of serum amyloid A and P. gingivalis-specific IgG in the sera, although the degree of elevation was much smaller in the CD1d(-/-) mice. Infection-induced RANKL elevation was only observed in αGC-stimulated mice. Although the cytokines produced by splenocytes were mainly T-helper 1 type in wild-type mice, those in αGC-stimulated mice were predominantly T-helper 2 type. In the liver, the infection demonstrated no effect on the gene expression for interferon-γ, interleukin-4 and RANKL except αGC-stimulated mice in which the infection upregulated the gene expressions.

CONCLUSION:

This study is the first to show that natural killer T cells upregulated systemic and local inflammatory responses induced by oral infection with P. gingivalis, thereby contributing to the progression of alveolar bone resorption.

KEYWORDS:

Porphyromonas gingivalis; inflammation; natural killer T cell; periodontal infection

PMID:
23586756
DOI:
10.1111/jre.12080
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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