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Hum Vaccin Immunother. 2013 Aug;9(8):1763-73. doi: 10.4161/hv.24657. Epub 2013 Apr 12.

Vaccine hesitancy: an overview.

Author information

1
Centre de recherche du CHU de Québec; Québec, QC Canada; Institut national de santé publique du Québec (INSPQ); Québec, QC Canada; Université Laval; Québec City, QC Canada.

Abstract

Despite being recognized as one of the most successful public health measures, vaccination is perceived as unsafe and unnecessary by a growing number of individuals. Lack of confidence in vaccines is now considered a threat to the success of vaccination programs. Vaccine hesitancy is believed to be responsible for decreasing vaccine coverage and an increasing risk of vaccine-preventable disease outbreaks and epidemics. This review provides an overview of the phenomenon of vaccine hesitancy. First, we will characterize vaccine hesitancy and suggest the possible causes of the apparent increase in vaccine hesitancy in the developed world. Then we will look at determinants of individual decision-making about vaccination.

KEYWORDS:

decision-making; psychosocial factors; review; socio-cultural factors; vaccination; vaccine-hesitancy

PMID:
23584253
PMCID:
PMC3906279
DOI:
10.4161/hv.24657
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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