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Dev Biol. 2013 Jul 15;379(2):152-66. doi: 10.1016/j.ydbio.2013.03.022. Epub 2013 Apr 10.

Socs36E attenuates STAT signaling to optimize motile cell specification in the Drosophila ovary.

Author information

1
Department of Biological Sciences, University of Maryland, Baltimore County, 1000 Hilltop Circle Road, Baltimore, MD 21250, USA. monahan2@umbc.edu

Abstract

The Janus kinase/Signal transducers and activators of transcription (JAK/STAT) pathway determines cell fates by regulating gene expression. One example is the specification of the motile cells called border cells during Drosophila oogenesis. It has been established that too much or too little STAT activity disrupts follicle cell identity and cell motility, which suggests the signaling must be precisely regulated. Here, we find that Suppressor of cytokine signaling at 36E (Socs36E) is a necessary negative regulator of JAK/STAT signaling during border cell specification. We find when STAT signaling is too low to induce migration in the presumptive border cell population, nearby follicle cells uncharacteristically become invasive to enable efficient migration of the cluster. We generated a genetic null allele that reveals Socs36E is required in the anterior follicle cells to limit invasive behavior to an optimal number of cells. We further show Socs36E genetically interacts with the required STAT feedback inhibitor apontic (apt) and APT's downstream target, mir-279, and provide evidence that suggests APT directly regulates Socs36E transcriptionally. Our work shows Socs36E plays a critical role in a genetic circuit that establishes a boundary between the motile border cell cluster and its non-invasive epithelial neighbors through STAT attenuation.

PMID:
23583584
PMCID:
PMC3770288
DOI:
10.1016/j.ydbio.2013.03.022
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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