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Cell Rep. 2013 Apr 25;3(4):1279-92. doi: 10.1016/j.celrep.2013.03.024. Epub 2013 Apr 11.

Stress-independent activation of XBP1s and/or ATF6 reveals three functionally diverse ER proteostasis environments.

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1
Department of Chemistry, The Scripps Research Institute, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.

Abstract

The unfolded protein response (UPR) maintains endoplasmic reticulum (ER) proteostasis through the activation of transcription factors such as XBP1s and ATF6. The functional consequences of these transcription factors for ER proteostasis remain poorly defined. Here, we describe methodology that enables orthogonal, small-molecule-mediated activation of the UPR-associated transcription factors XBP1s and/or ATF6 in the same cell independent of stress. We employ transcriptomics and quantitative proteomics to evaluate ER proteostasis network remodeling owing to the XBP1s and/or ATF6 transcriptional programs. Furthermore, we demonstrate that the three ER proteostasis environments accessible by activating XBP1s and/or ATF6 differentially influence the folding, trafficking, and degradation of destabilized ER client proteins without globally affecting the endogenous proteome. Our data reveal how the ER proteostasis network is remodeled by the XBP1s and/or ATF6 transcriptional programs at the molecular level and demonstrate the potential for selective restoration of aberrant ER proteostasis of pathologic, destabilized proteins through arm-selective UPR activation.

PMID:
23583182
PMCID:
PMC3754422
DOI:
10.1016/j.celrep.2013.03.024
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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