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Bioorg Med Chem. 2013 May 15;21(10):2678-81. doi: 10.1016/j.bmc.2013.03.029. Epub 2013 Mar 29.

Hypoxic condition-selective upconversion via triplet-triplet annihilation based on POSS-core dendrimer complexes.

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Department of Polymer Chemistry, Graduate School of Engineering, Kyoto University, Katsura, Nishikyo-ku, Kyoto 615-8510, Japan.


The influence on the efficiencies of the triplet-triplet annihilation (TTA)-supported upconversion by oxygen under biomimetic conditions was investigated. From the solution containing the dendrimer complexes based on polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS)-core dendrimer with the Pt complex of octaethylporphyrin (PtOEP) and anthracene in PBS, the fluorescence emission of anthracene depending on the dissolved oxygen (DO) concentrations via the TTA-supported upconversion was obtained with the excitation light at 540 nm. In particular, we observed strong emission only under hypoxic conditions. In addition, it was found that the emission intensity via TTA-supported upconversion can be reversibly regulated by the DO concentrations in the solution.

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