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Subst Use Misuse. 2013 May;48(7):513-22. doi: 10.3109/10826084.2013.787091. Epub 2013 Apr 12.

Changes in smoking patterns during pregnancy.

Author information

1
Research Institute on Addictions, State University of Buffalo at New York, Buffalo, New York 14203, USA. eiden@ria.buffalo.edu

Abstract

This study examined trajectories of smoking during pregnancy among low-income smokers and differences on demographics, psychopathology, and smoking outcome expectancies among women with different smoking trajectories. The sample consisted of 215 urban pregnant smokers living in the United States. Results indicated four trajectories of smoking and significant changes over time within each trajectory. Persistent smokers had the highest demographic and mental health risks, reported higher craving compared to light smokers, and were more likely to endorse smoking to reduce negative affect, for state enhancement motives. Implications for intervention are discussed. The study was funded by the National Institute on Drug Abuse.

PMID:
23581507
PMCID:
PMC3758541
DOI:
10.3109/10826084.2013.787091
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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