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Indian J Occup Environ Med. 2012 May;16(2):66-71. doi: 10.4103/0019-5278.107072.

Socio-economic status of workers of building construction industry.

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Regional Occupational Health Centre (Eastern), Block-DP, No-1, Sector-V, Salt Lake City, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.



Informal/unorganised sector covers 92% of the total work force in India. About 50% of the construction industrial workers belonged to informal/unorganised sector.


The present study was undertaken to know the socio-economic status of construction worker and availing of the social security measures by this working group.


The study covered 150 subjects with an average age of 32 years and mean duration of work was nine years. They were poorly paid with an average income of Rs. 4956/-per month. Though the literacy rate was high (79%) yet most of them were addicted to different habits like drinking alcohol, smoking bidi, tobacco chewing etc., Abusing the family members were noted in (30%) of the cases. Their regular intake of food, usually inadequate in quantity and was mainly consisted of rice, pulses, vegetables. Though most of the subjects (73%) were living in kacha houses yet the latrine facilities were available to 62% of total covered houses. Majority of them were unaware of the different social security schemes/measures. The details have been discussed here.


Building construction workers; social security schemes; socio economic status; vulnerable population

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