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J Exp Bot. 2013 Jun;64(9):2541-55. doi: 10.1093/jxb/ert080. Epub 2013 Apr 11.

Auxin biosynthesis and storage forms.

Author information

1
Department of Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St Louis, MO 63130, USA.

Abstract

The plant hormone auxin drives plant growth and morphogenesis. The levels and distribution of the active auxin indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) are tightly controlled through synthesis, inactivation, and transport. Many auxin precursors and modified auxin forms, used to regulate auxin homeostasis, have been identified; however, very little is known about the integration of multiple auxin biosynthesis and inactivation pathways. This review discusses the many ways auxin levels are regulated through biosynthesis, storage forms, and inactivation, and the potential roles modified auxins play in regulating the bioactive pool of auxin to affect plant growth and development.

KEYWORDS:

IAA; IBA.; auxin; auxin biosynthesis; auxin conjugates; development

PMID:
23580748
PMCID:
PMC3695655
DOI:
10.1093/jxb/ert080
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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