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Nucleic Acids Res. 2013 May 1;41(10):5354-67. doi: 10.1093/nar/gkt162. Epub 2013 Apr 10.

Proofreading exonuclease on a tether: the complex between the E. coli DNA polymerase III subunits α, epsilon, θ and β reveals a highly flexible arrangement of the proofreading domain.

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1
School of Chemistry, University of Wollongong, Northfields Avenue, Wollongong, NSW 2522, Australia.

Abstract

A complex of the three (αεθ) core subunits and the β2 sliding clamp is responsible for DNA synthesis by Pol III, the Escherichia coli chromosomal DNA replicase. The 1.7 Å crystal structure of a complex between the PHP domain of α (polymerase) and the C-terminal segment of ε (proofreading exonuclease) subunits shows that ε is attached to α at a site far from the polymerase active site. Both α and ε contain clamp-binding motifs (CBMs) that interact simultaneously with β2 in the polymerization mode of DNA replication by Pol III. Strengthening of both CBMs enables isolation of stable αεθ:β2 complexes. Nuclear magnetic resonance experiments with reconstituted αεθ:β2 demonstrate retention of high mobility of a segment of 22 residues in the linker that connects the exonuclease domain of ε with its α-binding segment. In spite of this, small-angle X-ray scattering data show that the isolated complex with strengthened CBMs has a compact, but still flexible, structure. Photo-crosslinking with p-benzoyl-L-phenylalanine incorporated at different sites in the α-PHP domain confirm the conformational variability of the tether. Structural models of the αεθ:β2 replicase complex with primer-template DNA combine all available structural data.

PMID:
23580545
PMCID:
PMC3664792
DOI:
10.1093/nar/gkt162
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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