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Phys Chem Chem Phys. 2013 Jun 14;15(22):8678-83. doi: 10.1039/c3cp44334e. Epub 2013 Apr 11.

A XAS study of the luminescent Eu centers in thiosilicate phosphors.

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LumiLab, Department of Solid State Sciences, Ghent University, Krijgslaan 281-S1, Ghent, 9000, Belgium.


Due to its bright yellow-to-red emission, europium doped Ca2SiS4 is a very interesting material for phosphor converted light emitting diodes. The emission spectrum is highly dependent on the Eu concentration and can consist of more than one emission band. We combined X-ray absorption fine structure and photoluminescence measurements to analyze the structure of europium centers in (Ca,Eu)2SiS4 luminescent powders. This paper provides an explanation for the concentration dependency of the emission spectra. We find that at low dopant concentrations a large fraction of trivalent europium ions is unexpectedly present in the powders. These trivalent europium ions tend to form defect clusters in the luminescent powders. Furthermore we observe a preferential substitution of the europium ions over the two different substitutional Ca sites, which changes upon increasing the dopant concentration. At high dopant concentration, the powder crystallizes in the monoclinic Eu2SiS4 structure. Once more a preferential substitution of the europium ions is observed. Summarizing, the influence of the concentration on the emission spectrum is explained by a difference in preferential occupation of the Eu ions in the lattice.

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