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Immunol Res. 2013 Jul;56(2-3):451-6. doi: 10.1007/s12026-013-8416-9.

Evaluation of an automated chemiluminescent immunoassay kit for antinuclear antibodies in autoimmune diseases.

Author information

1
Sheba Medical Center (affiliated to Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University), 52621, Tel-Hashomer, Israel.

Abstract

The identification of antinuclear antibodies (ANA) is an essential step in the diagnosis of different autoimmune diseases. The gold standard method for their detection is immunofluorescence assay. However, this is a subjective and laborious method, thus a need for simplified objective methods has aroused. In the current work, we evaluated such automated method, the LIAISON(®) (DiaSorin, Italy) for the detection of ANA. A total of 242 sera were analyzed including 67 from healthy subjects, 107 from primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) patients, 20 from scleroderma patients and 48 from patients with Sjögren's syndrome. All sera were analyzed using the automated chemiluminescent immunoassays, LIAISON(®) for the presence of ANA (kit No. 310300). Positive samples were further analyzed for the presence of antidouble-stranded DNA (dsDNA) and autoantibodies to 6 extractable nuclear antigens (ENA) of the LIAISON(®) (kits No. 310330 and 310331). Negative samples were further analyzed by Blueblot ANA assay (D-TEK, Belgium) or BlueDot Liver (D-TEK, Belgium) as appropriate. The LIAISON(®) specificity for ANA screening was 97%. ANA positivity was determined in 80% of all patients. The sensitivity was 95.5% in scleroderma, 83% in PBC and 72.9% in Sjogren's syndrome. ENA was positive in all ANA-positive scleroderma and Sjögren's sera and in 27% of ANA-positive PBC sera. Among scleroderma or Sjögren patients that were ANA negative, 4 samples were positive for anti-SSA and 2 for RNP-68 utilizing Blueblot assays. M2 protein was found in 1 out of the ANA-negative PBC patients. The LIAISON(®) ANA screen is specific and sensitive for the evaluation of ANA in patients with primary biliary cirrhosis, scleroderma and Sjögren's syndrome.

PMID:
23579775
DOI:
10.1007/s12026-013-8416-9
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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