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Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech. 2013 Apr;23(2):109-20. doi: 10.1097/SLE.0b013e3182827c29.

A systematic review on low-cost box models to achieve basic and advanced laparoscopic skills during modern surgical training.

Author information

1
Department of Colorectal Surgery, Pilgrim Hospital, Boston, United Kingdom. ggravante@hotmail.com

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Low-cost box models (BMs) are a valuable tool alternative to virtual-reality simulators. We aim to provide surgical trainees with a description of most common BMs and to present their validity to achieve basic and advanced laparoscopic skills.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

A literature search was undertaken for all studies focusing on BMs, excluded were those presenting data on virtual-reality simulators only. Databases were screened up to December 2011.

RESULTS:

Numerous studies focused on various BMs to improve generic tasks (ie, instrument navigation, coordination, and cutting). Only fewer articles described models specific for peculiar operations. All studies showed a significant improvement of basic laparoscopic skills after training with BMs. Furthermore, their low costs make them easily available to most surgical trainees.

CONCLUSIONS:

BMs should be developed by all surgical trainees during their training. Fields for future improvement regard endoscopy and complex laparoscopic operations for which ad hoc BMs are not available.

PMID:
23579503
DOI:
10.1097/SLE.0b013e3182827c29
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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