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School Ment Health. 2011 Jun 1;3(2):93-101. Epub 2011 Mar 23.

Materials Organization, Planning, and Homework Completion in Middle School Students with ADHD: Impact on Academic Performance.

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Department of Pediatrics, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center.


This study evaluated the homework functioning of middle school students with ADHD to determine what aspects are most predictive of school grades and the best source (e.g., parents or teachers) for obtaining this information. Students with ADHD in grades 5-8 (N = 57) and their parents and teachers completed the Children's Organization Skills Scales (COSS) to measure materials organization, planning, and time-management, and parents completed the Homework Problems Checklist (HPC) to examine homework completion and homework materials management behaviors. Regression analyses revealed that parent-rated homework materials management and teacher-rated memory and materials management were the best predictors of school grades. These findings suggest that organization of materials is a critical component of the homework completion process for students with ADHD and an important target for intervention. Teachers were the best source of information regarding materials organization and planning, whereas parents were a valuable source of information for specific homework materials management problems.


ADHD; Adolescents; Homework; Organization; Time-Management

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