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J Child Neurol. 2014 Apr;29(4):487-92. doi: 10.1177/0883073813483365. Epub 2013 Apr 10.

Evidence-based decision support for neurological diagnosis reduces errors and unnecessary workup.

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1
1SimulConsult, Chestnut Hill, MA, USA.

Abstract

Using vignettes of real cases and the SimulConsult diagnostic decision support software, neurologists listed a differential diagnosis and workup before and after using the decision support. Using the software, there was a significant reduction in error, up to 75% for diagnosis and 56% for workup. This error reduction occurred despite the baseline being one in which testers were allowed to use narrative resources and Web searching. A key factor that improved performance was taking enough time (>2 minutes) to enter clinical findings into the software accurately. Under these conditions and for instances in which the diagnoses changed based on using the software, diagnostic accuracy improved in 96% of instances. There was a 6% decrease in the number of workup items accompanied by a 34% increase in relevance. The authors conclude that decision support for a neurological diagnosis can reduce errors and save on unnecessary testing.

KEYWORDS:

decision support; diagnosis; errors; genetics; medical informatics; neurogenetics

PMID:
23576414
DOI:
10.1177/0883073813483365
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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