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Mov Disord. 2013 Jun;28(6):763-71. doi: 10.1002/mds.25407. Epub 2013 Apr 10.

Cost-effectiveness of deep brain stimulation in patients with Parkinson's disease.

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Department of Neurology, Philipps-University Marburg, Marburg, Germany.


In addition to medical treatment, deep brain stimulation has become an alternative therapeutic option in advanced Parkinson's disease. High initial costs of surgery have to be weighted against long-term gains in health-related quality of life. The objective of this study was to assess the cost-effectiveness of deep brain stimulation compared with long-term medical treatment. We performed a cost-utility analysis using a lifetime Markov model for Parkinson's disease. Health utilities were evaluated using the EQ-5D generic health status measure. Data on effectiveness and adverse events were obtained from clinical studies, published reports, or meta-analyses. Costs were assessed from the German health care provider perspective. Both were discounted at 3% per year. Key assumptions affecting costs and health status were investigated using one-way and two-way sensitivity analyses. The lifetime incremental cost-utility ratio for deep brain stimulation was €6700 per quality-adjusted life year (QALY) and €9800 and €2500 per United Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale part II (motor experiences of daily living) and part III (motor examination) score point gained, respectively. Deep brain stimulation costs were mainly driven by the cost of surgery and of battery exchange. Health status was improved and motor complications were reduced by DBS. Sensitivity analysis revealed that battery life time was the most influential parameter, with the incremental cost-utility ratio ranging from €20,000 per QALY to deep brain stimulation dominating medical treatment. Deep brain stimulation can be considered cost-effective, offering a value-for-money profile comparable to other well accepted health care technologies. Our data support adopting and reimbursing deep brain stimulation within the German health care system.

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