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JAMA Psychiatry. 2013 Jun;70(6):591-8. doi: 10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2013.38.

Genetic association, mutation screening, and functional analysis of a Kozak sequence variant in the metabotropic glutamate receptor 3 gene in bipolar disorder.

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1
Molecular Psychiatry Laboratory, Mental Health Sciences Unit, University College London, UK.

Abstract

IMPORTANCE:

Genetic markers at the gene encoding the metabotropic glutamate receptor 3 (GRM3) showed allelic association with bipolar disorder.

OBJECTIVE:

To screen the GRM3 gene and adjacent control regions of genomic DNA in volunteers with bipolar affective disorder for mutations increasing susceptibility to bipolar disorder.

DESIGN:

Sequencing and high-resolution melting curve analysis of DNA followed by genotyping was carried out in 1099 patients with bipolar affective disorder and 1152 healthy comparator individuals.

SETTING:

Participants with bipolar disorder were recruited from National Health Service psychiatric services and from patient organizations.

PARTICIPANTS:

Individuals were included if they had Research Diagnostic Criteria diagnoses of bipolar I and bipolar II disorder and were of British or Irish ancestry.

MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES:

Identification of base pair changes in the GRM3 gene that affected expression or function of the GRM3 receptor that also showed an allelic association with bipolar disorder.

RESULTS:

A base pair variant (rs148754219) was found in the Kozak sequence of exon 1 of the GRM3 gene, 2 bases before the translation start codon of one of the receptor isoforms, in 23 of 2251 people who were screened and genotyped. Nineteen of the 1099 bipolar cases (1.7%) were mutation carriers compared with 4 of 1152 healthy comparators (0.3%). The variant was associated with bipolar disorder (P = .005; odds ratio, 4.20). Bioinformatic, electrophoretic mobility shift assay, and gene expression analysis found that the variant created a new transcription factor protein binding site and had a strong effect on gene transcription and translation.

CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE:

Confirmation of these findings is needed before the Kozak sequence variant can be accepted as a potential marker for personalized treatment of affective disorders with drugs targeting the metabotropic glutamate receptor 3.

PMID:
23575746
DOI:
10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2013.38
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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