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J Asthma. 2013 Aug;50(6):664-71. doi: 10.3109/02770903.2013.793708. Epub 2013 May 28.

Improving home management plan of care compliance rates through an electronic asthma action plan.

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Department of Pediatrics, Division of Hospital Medicine, Children's Hospital Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90027, USA.



In 2007, the Joint Commission mandated reporting of three children's asthma care (CAC) measures for hospitalized patients with asthma. The third children's asthma care measure (CAC-3) focuses on hospital discharge with a comprehensive home management plan of care (HMPC) based on the clinical severity.


To improve CAC-3 compliance and identify what interventions would have the most impact.


This was a retrospective observational study, conducted at the Children's Hospital Los Angeles (CHLA) between October 2008 and January 2012. A total of 470 patients admitted with a primary diagnosis of asthma were included. Four Plan-Do-Study-Act cycles testing separate interventions were used throughout the study period: clinical care coordinators (CCCs), red clipboard for paper HMPC, electronic HMPC, and hard-stop HMPC. Chi-square and binomial tests compared CHLA's CAC-3 compliance rates within intervention windows as well as to the national average.


Between October 2008 and May 2009, CHLA had a compliance rate of 39%, well below the national average (p = .001). Involvement of CCCs increased the overall compliance to 74% (χ(2)(1) = 11.59, p < .001). Implementation of an electronic HMPC in October 2010 led to the largest increase in overall compliance (93%) when compared to the previous intervention window (χ(2)(1) = 4.38, p < .036), as well as the national average (p = .016). Compliance rates remained above 90% for four out of the following five quarters.


Involvement of CCCs led to a significant increase in the overall CAC-3 compliance. An electronic HMPC improved rates well above the national average. This provides a framework for other institutions that may or may not utilize an electronic medical record.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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