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Int J Clin Exp Pathol. 2013;6(4):613-21. Epub 2013 Mar 15.

An immunohistochemical study of primary signet-ring cell carcinoma of the stomach and colorectum: II. Expression of MUC1, MUC2, MUC5AC, and MUC6 in normal mucosa and in 42 cases.

Author information

1
Department of Pathology, Shizuoka City Shimizu Hospital, Shizuoka, Japan. piyo0111jp@yahoo.co.jp

Abstract

Expression of MUC apomucins has rarely been investigated in the signet-ring cell carcinoma (SRCC) of the stomach and colorectum. The author examined immunohistochemically the expression status of MUC1, MUC2, MUC5AC, and MUC6 in 30 cases of gastric SRCC and 12 cases of colorectal SRCC. The normal distribution of these MUC apomucins was also examined in the non-tumorous parts of the stomach and colorectum. In normal tissues, the stomach epithelial cells consistently expressed MUC2, MUC5AC, MUC6, but consistently not MUC1. In colorectum, cryptal epithelial cells consistently expressed MUC2, but consistently not MUC1, MUC5AC, and MUC6. The expression pattern of the gastric SRCC was as follows: MUC1, 3/30 (10%); MUC2, 4/30 (13%); MUC5AC, 20/30 (67%), and MUC6 21/30 (70%). The expression pattern of the colorectal SRCC was as follows: MUC1, 5/12 (42%); MUC2, 11/12 (92%); MUC5AC, 4/12 (33%); and MUC6, 0/12 (0%). Significant differences (p<0.05) were found in the expression of MUC1 (stomach SRCC 10% vs colorectal SRCC 42%), MUC2 (13% vs 92%), MUC5AC (67% vs 33%), and MUC6 (70% vs 0%). Thus, there was a significant tendency that primary gastric SRCC express MUC5AC and MUC6 but not MUC1 and MUC2, while primary colorectal SRCC express MUC1, MUC2 and MUC5A, but not MUC6. These different expressions of these MUC apomucins in gastric and colorectal SRCC seem useful to determine the primary site of metastatic SRCC and for differential diagnosis of SRCC of other sites. In the gastric SRCC, the up-regulation of MUC1 and the down-regulation of MUC2, MUC5AC and MUC6 appear to be associated with carcinogenesis, malignant potential, progression, and clinical behaviors in gastric SRCC. In the colorectal SRCC, the up-regulation of MUC1 and MUC5AC may be associated with carcinogenesis, malignant potential, progression, and clinical behaviors in colorectal SRCC. A comparative review of the present SRCC and presently reported ordinary adenocarcinoma and SRCC cases of the stomach and colorectum was performed.

KEYWORDS:

MUC; Signet-ring cell carcinoma; colorectum; histopathology; immunohistochemistry; mucins; stomach

PMID:
23573307
PMCID:
PMC3606850
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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