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Physiol Mol Biol Plants. 2012 Jan;18(1):45-50. doi: 10.1007/s12298-011-0097-z. Epub 2011 Dec 8.

Effect of salinity on tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) during seed germination stage.

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1
Central Soil Salinity Research Institute, Karnal, Haryana India.

Abstract

A study was conducted using ten genetically diverse genotypes along with their 45F1 (generated by diallel mating) under normal and salt stress conditions. Although, tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) is moderately sensitive to salinity but more attention to salinity is yet to be required in the production of tomato. In present study, germination rate, speed of germination, dry weight ratio and Na(+)/K(+) ratio in root and shoot, were the parameters assayed on three salinity levels; control, 1.0 % NaCl and 3.0 % NaCl with Hoagland's solution. Increasing salt stress negatively affected growth and development of tomato. When salt concentration increased, germination of tomato seed was reduced and the time needed to complete germination lengthened, root/shoot dry weight ratio was higher and Na(+) content increased but K(+) content decreased. Among the varieties, Sel-7 followed by Arka Vikas and crosses involving them as a parent were found to be the more tolerant genotypes in the present study on the basis of studied parameters.

KEYWORDS:

Effect of salinity; Growth parameters; Lycopersicon esculentum; Salinity stress; Tomato

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