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Clin Transl Oncol. 2014 Jan;16(1):29-35. doi: 10.1007/s12094-013-1036-y. Epub 2013 Apr 10.

Diacylglycerol kinase η modulates oncogenic properties of lung cancer cells.

Author information

1
Huntsman Cancer Institute, University of Utah, 2000 East Circle of Hope, Salt Lake City, UT, 84112-5550, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Lung cancer is a leading cause of cancer deaths and efforts are underway to identify novel therapies to treat these tumors. Diacylglycerol kinase η (DGKη), an enzyme that phosphorylates diacylglycerol to form phosphatidic acid, has been shown to modulate MAPK signaling downstream of EGFR, which is an oncogenic driver in some lung cancers. Since mutations in EGFR and K-Ras are common in lung cancer, we hypothesized that limiting the function of DGKη would attenuate oncogenic properties of lung cancer cells.

METHODS:

We determined the expression levels of DGKη in a mouse models of mutant EGFR and K-Ras lung cancer and in human lung cancer cell lines with activating mutations in either EGFR or K-Ras. We also tested the effects of shRNA-mediated depletion of DGKη in lung cancer cells and tested if DGKη depletion augmented the effects of afatinib, a new generation EGFR inhibitor.

RESULTS:

DGKη was expressed in malignant epithelium from mice with mutant EGFR or K-Ras lung cancer. It was also expressed in human lung cancer cell lines with EGFR or K-Ras mutations. Depleting DGKη in lung cancer cell lines, harboring mutant EGFR, reduced their growth on plastic and in soft agar and also augmented the effects of afatinib, an EGFR inhibitor. DGKη depletion also reduced growth of one of two lung cancer cell lines that harbored mutant K-Ras.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our data indicate that DGKη is a potential therapeutic target in lung cancers, especially those harboring EGFR mutations. Our findings warrant further studies to examine the effects of limiting its function in vivo.

PMID:
23572183
PMCID:
PMC3883989
DOI:
10.1007/s12094-013-1036-y
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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