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J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2014 Jan;27(1):1-6. doi: 10.3109/14767058.2013.794215. Epub 2013 Jun 5.

A time stamp comparative analysis of frequent chromosomal abnormalities in Romanian patients.

Author information

1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology , IOMC, Bucharest , Romania and.

Abstract

Chromosome abnormalities represent the leading cause in many human genetic disorders. Gain or loss of genetic material can disrupt the normal expression of genes important in fetal development and result in abnormal phenotypes. Approximately 60% of first-trimester spontaneous abortions exhibit karyotype abnormalities. The majority of these abnormalities consist of numerical chromosomal changes, such as autosomal trisomy, monosomy X and polyploidy. In our current study, 411 cases were analyzed over a period of 5 years, which reflected the incidence of cytogenetic abnormalities in Romania. Down syndrome showed the highest frequency at 79%. At 2.6% structural chromosome abnormality syndromes and Turner syndrome followed suit. Next were the Edwards and Patau syndromes with an incidence of 1.2%. Klinefelter, Cri du chat and Wolf-Hirschhorn syndromes all had an incidence of 0.7%. Finally, the lowest frequencies were shown by Williams at 0.4% and only one case of Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome with abnormal karyotype. The average maternal age at childbirth was 31.15 years (SD = 6.96) and the average paternal age was 33.41 years (SD = 7.17).

PMID:
23570267
DOI:
10.3109/14767058.2013.794215
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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