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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013 Apr 23;110(17):6931-6. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1220372110. Epub 2013 Apr 8.

Neo-sex chromosomes and adaptive potential in tortricid pests.

Author information

1
Laboratory of Molecular Cytogenetics, Institute of Entomology, Biology Centre of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, 370 05 České Budějovice, Czech Republic.

Abstract

Changes in genome architecture often have a significant effect on ecological specialization and speciation. This effect may be further enhanced by involvement of sex chromosomes playing a disproportionate role in reproductive isolation. We have physically mapped the Z chromosome of the major pome fruit pest, the codling moth, Cydia pomonella (Tortricidae), and show that it arose by fusion between an ancestral Z chromosome and an autosome corresponding to chromosome 15 in the Bombyx mori reference genome. We further show that the fusion originated in a common ancestor of the main tortricid subfamilies, Olethreutinae and Tortricinae, comprising almost 700 pest species worldwide. The Z-autosome fusion brought two major genes conferring insecticide resistance and clusters of genes involved in detoxification of plant secondary metabolites under sex-linked inheritance. We suggest that this fusion significantly increased the adaptive potential of tortricid moths and thus contributed to their radiation and subsequent speciation.

PMID:
23569222
PMCID:
PMC3637691
DOI:
10.1073/pnas.1220372110
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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