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Biochim Biophys Acta. 2013 Aug;1833(8):1969-78. doi: 10.1016/j.bbamcr.2013.03.027. Epub 2013 Apr 6.

IHG-1 must be localised to mitochondria to decrease Smad7 expression and amplify TGF-β1-induced fibrotic responses.

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1
School of Medicine and Medical Sciences, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin, Ireland.

Abstract

TGF-β1 is a prototypic profibrotic cytokine and major driver of fibrosis in the kidney and other organs. Induced in high glucose-1 (IHG-1) is a mitochondrial protein which we have recently reported to be associated with renal disease. IHG-1 amplifies responses to TGF-β1 and regulates mitochondrial biogenesis by stabilising the transcriptional co-activator peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator-1-alpha. Here we report that the mitochondrial localisation of IHG-1 is pivotal in the amplification of TGF-β1 signalling. We demonstrate that IHG-1 expression is associated with repression of the endogenous TGF-β1 inhibitor Smad7. Intriguingly, expression of a non-mitochondrial deletion mutant of IHG-1 (Δmts-IHG-1) repressed TGF-β1 fibrotic signalling in renal epithelial cells. In cells expressing Δmts-IHG-1 fibrotic responses including CCN2/connective tissue growth factor, fibronectin and jagged-1 expression were reduced following stimulation with TGF-β1. Δmts-IHG-1 modulation of TGF-β1 signalling was associated with increased Smad7 protein expression. Δmts-IHG-1 modulated TGF-β1 activity by increasing Smad7 protein expression as it failed to inhibit TGF-β1 transcriptional responses when endogenous Smad7 expression was knocked down. These data indicate that mitochondria modulate TGF-β1 signal transduction and that IHG-1 is a key player in this modulation.

PMID:
23567938
DOI:
10.1016/j.bbamcr.2013.03.027
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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