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Accid Anal Prev. 2013 Jun;55:202-10. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2013.03.008. Epub 2013 Mar 16.

Exploring factors contributing to injury severity at freeway merging and diverging locations in Ohio.

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Geotest Engineering, Inc., 5600 Bintliff, Houston, TX 77036, United States.


Identifying factors that affect crash injury severity and understanding how these factors affect injury severity is critical in planning and implementing highway safety improvement programs. Factors such as driver-related, traffic-related, environment-related and geometric design-related were considered when developing statistical models to predict the effects of these factors on the severity of injuries sustained from motor vehicle crashes at merging and diverging locations. Police-reported crash data at selected freeway merging and diverging areas in the state of Ohio were used for the development of the models. A generalized ordinal logit model also known as partial proportional odds model was applied to identify significant factors increasing the likelihood of one of the five KABCO scale of injury severity: no injuries, possible/invisible injuries, non-incapacitating injuries, incapacitating injuries, or fatal injuries. The results of this study show that semi-truck related crashes, higher number of lanes on freeways, higher number of lanes on ramps, speeding related crashes, and alcohol related crashes tend to increase the likelihood of sustaining severe injuries at freeway merging locations. In addition, females and older persons are more likely to sustain severe injuries especially at freeway merge locations. Alcohol related crashes, speeding related crashes, angle-type collisions, and lane-ramp configuration type D significantly increase the likelihood of severe injury crashes at diverging areas. Poor lighting condition tends to increase non-incapacitating injuries at diverging areas only. Moreover, adverse weather condition increases the likelihood of no-injury and fatal injuries at merging areas only and adverse road conditions tend to increase a range of injury severity levels from possible/invisible injuries to incapacitating injuries at merging areas only.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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