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IEEE Trans Electron Devices. 2012 Jul 19;59(8):2187-2191. Epub 2012 Jun 20.

Back-Side Readout Silicon Photomultiplier.

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Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA, telephone: 510-486-6757.


We present a novel structure for the back-side readout silicon photomultipler (SiPM). Current SiPMs are front-illuminated structures with front-side readout, which have relatively small geometric fill factor leading to degradation in their photon detection efficiency (PDE). Back-side readout devices will provide an advantageous solution to achieve high PDE. We designed and investigated a novel structure that would allow back-side readout while creating a region of high electric field optimized for avalanche breakdown. In addition, this structure has relatively high fill factor and also allow direct coupling of individual micro-cell of the SiPM to application-specific integrated circuits. We will discuss the performance that can be attained with this structure through device simulation and the process flow that can be used to fabricate this structure through process simulation.

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