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Anticancer Res. 2013 Apr;33(4):1519-23.

Effect of an extract of Withania somnifera root on estrogen receptor-positive mammary carcinomas.

Author information

1
Department of Biomedical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, Tuskegee University, Tuskegee, AL 36088, USA. kamel@mytu.tuskegee.edu

Abstract

The chemopreventive activity of an extract of Withania somnifera (WS) roots was examined in female Sprague-Dawley rats that received the mammary carcinogen methylnitrosourea (MNU). The dose of the extract, administered by gavage, was 150 mg/kg body weight daily for 155 days, after injection of MNU. Rats in the treated group (N=15) had an average of 3.47 tumors, and rats in the control group (N=15) had 4.53, a reduction of 23%. The average weights of tumors were 4.98 g for rats in the treated group and 6.30 g for the controls, a difference of 21%. Labeling indices for Ki67 and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) markers in cancers of the treated group were 42% and 38% lower, respectively, than those of the corresponding indices for the control group. These results indicate that the root extract significantly reduced the rate of cell division in the mammary tumors.

PMID:
23564793
PMCID:
PMC3675906
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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