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Circ Heart Fail. 2013 May;6(3):563-71. doi: 10.1161/CIRCHEARTFAILURE.112.000208. Epub 2013 Apr 5.

Chronic therapy with a partial adenosine A1-receptor agonist improves left ventricular function and remodeling in dogs with advanced heart failure.

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  • 1Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Medicine, Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, MI 48202, USA. hsabbah1@hfhs.org

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Adenosine elicits cardioprotection through A1-receptor activation. Therapy with adenosine A1-receptor agonists, however, is limited by undesirable actions of full agonism, such as bradycardia. This study examined the effects of capadenoson (CAP), a partial adenosine A1-receptor agonist, on left ventricular (LV) function and remodeling in dogs with heart failure.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

Twelve dogs with microembolization-induced heart failure were randomized to 12 weeks oral therapy with CAP (7.5 mg BID; n=6) or to no therapy (control; n=6). LV end-diastolic and end-systolic volumes, ejection fraction, plasma norepinephrine, and n-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide were measured before (pre) and 1 and 12 weeks after therapy (post). LV tissue obtained at post was used to assess volume fraction of interstitial fibrosis, sarcoplasmic reticulum calcium ATPase-2a activity, expression of mitochondria uncoupling proteins (UCP) and glucose transporters (GLUT). In controls, end-diastolic and end-systolic volumes increased and ejection fraction decreased significantly from pre to post (ejection fraction, 30±2 versus 27±1%; P<0.05). In CAP-treated dogs, end-diastolic volume was unchanged; ejection fraction increased significantly after 1 week (36±2 versus 27±2%; P<0.05) with a further increase at post (39±2%; P<0.05), whereas end-systolic volume decreased. CAP significantly decreased volume fraction of interstitial fibrosis, normalized sarcoplasmic reticulum calcium ATPase-2a activity and expression of UCP-2 and UCP-3, and GLUT-1 and GLUT-2 and significantly decreased plasma norepinephrine and n-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide.

CONCLUSIONS:

In heart failure dogs, CAP improves LV function and prevents progressive remodeling. Improvement of LV systolic function occurs early after initiating therapy. The results support development of partial adenosine A1-receptor agonists for the treatment of chronic heart failure.

KEYWORDS:

adenosine receptors; heart failure; protein expression; ventricular remodeling

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