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Niger J Clin Pract. 2013 Apr-Jun;16(2):184-7. doi: 10.4103/1119-3077.110145.

Low birthweight delivery: prevalence and associated factors as seen at a tertiary health facility.

Author information

1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria. haughoma@yahoo.co.uk

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Low birth weight deliveries are major causes of a huge health burden on poor economies around the globe. It is even more worrisome in developing countries.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

The obstetric records of all low birth weight (LBW) deliveries were reviewed from 1 st June 2005 to 30 th May 2009.

RESULTS:

The prevalence of LBW deliveries was 8.3%. Of the LBW babies, 68.4% were preterm, 53.6% were small for gestational age (SGA) and 12.6% were products of multiple gestations. Predominant factors associated with LBW delivery included nulliparity, low parities (1 and 2), parturient aged 25-35 years (80.6%), hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, and short birth spacing (84.4%).

CONCLUSION:

Most LBW babies were preterm delivered by low parity parturient aged 25-35 years with short inter-pregnancy intervals. Effective family planning and antenatal services provided particularly for these categories of potential parturient could help to curb the incidence.

PMID:
23563459
DOI:
10.4103/1119-3077.110145
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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