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RNA Biol. 2013 Apr;10(4):553-63. doi: 10.4161/rna.24285. Epub 2013 Apr 1.

Small RNAs derived from the 5' end of tRNA can inhibit protein translation in human cells.

Author information

1
Wellcome Trust Centre for Gene Regulation and Expression, University of Dundee, Dundee, UK.

Abstract

Recently, it has been shown that tRNA molecules can be processed into small RNAs that are derived from both the 5' and 3' termini. To date, the function of these tRNA fragments (tRFs) derived from the 5' end of tRNA has not been investigated in depth. We present evidence that conserved residues in tRNA, present in all 5' tRFs, can inhibit the process of protein translation without the need for complementary target sites in the mRNA. These results implicate 5' tRFs in a new mechanism of gene regulation by small RNAs in human cells.

KEYWORDS:

short tRNA fragment; small RNA; tRF; tRNA; translation repression

PMID:
23563448
PMCID:
PMC3710361
DOI:
10.4161/rna.24285
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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