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Exp Cell Res. 2013 Jun 10;319(10):1544-52. doi: 10.1016/j.yexcr.2013.03.018. Epub 2013 Apr 4.

Nemotic human dental pulp fibroblasts promote human dental pulp stem cells migration.

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1
Department of Operative Dentistry and Endodontics, School of Stomatology, Fourth Military Medical University, 145 Changle West Road, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710032, China.

Abstract

Dental pulp inflammation has long been perceived as a negative factor leading to pulp disruption. Previous studies have suggested that the inflammatory reaction might be a prerequisite for the burst of progenitors implicated in pulp repair. To investigate the migration of human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs) in response to human dental pulp fibroblasts (HDPFs) nemosis, an in vitro model of nemosis-induced inflammation in three-dimensional culture was used in this study. We observed HDPF spheroid formation and that cell-cell adhesion between HDPFs leads to necrosis. Cell death detection and cell counting kit-8 assays showed reduced live cell numbers and increased levels of cell membrane leakage in HDPF spheroids. HDPFs spheroids expressed cyclooxygenase-2 and released an increasing amount of prostaglandin E2 and interleukin-8, indicating inflammation in response to nemosis. The Transwell assays showed that the conditioned medium from HDPFs spheroids significantly induced hDPSCs migration more than the medium from the monolayer. Taken together, these results indicate that HDPFs spheroids induce nemosis and contribute to the migration of hDPSCs. This model might provide a potential research tool for studying interactions between fibroblasts and stem cells, and studies concerning nemosis-targeted stem cells might help treat pulp inflammation.

PMID:
23562844
DOI:
10.1016/j.yexcr.2013.03.018
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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