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Bioresour Technol. 2013 Oct;145:254-8. doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2013.02.053. Epub 2013 Mar 1.

Crude glycerol-based production of amino acids and putrescine by Corynebacterium glutamicum.

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Chair of Genetics of Prokaryotes, Bielefeld University, D-33615 Bielefeld, Germany.


Corynebacterium glutamicum possesses genes for glycerol kinase and glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase that were shown to support slow growth with glycerol only when overexpressed from a plasmid. Pure glycerol and crude glycerol from biodiesel factories were tested for growth of recombinant strains expressing glpF, glpK and glpD from Escherichia coli. Some, but not all crude glycerol lots served as good carbon sources. Although the inhibitory compound(s) present in these crude glycerol lots remained unknown, the addition of substoichiometric glucose concentrations (below 10% by weight) enabled the utilization of some of the inhibitory crude glycerol lots. Besides growth, production of the amino acids L-glutamate, L-lysine, L-ornithine and L-arginine as well as of the diamine putrescine based on crude glycerol qualities from biodiesel factories was demonstrated.


Biodiesel; Corynebacterium glutamicum; Putrescine; Raw glycerol; l-amino acids

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