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Cell Metab. 2013 Apr 2;17(4):475-90. doi: 10.1016/j.cmet.2013.03.001.

The endocannabinoid system in energy homeostasis and the etiopathology of metabolic disorders.

Author information

1
Endocannabinoid Research Group, Institute of Biomolecular Chemistry, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Via Campi Flegrei 34, 80078 Pozzuoli NA, Italy.

Abstract

Endocannabinoids and cannabinoid CB1 receptors are known to play a generalized role in energy homeostasis. However, clinical trials with the first generation of CB1 blockers, now discontinued due to psychiatric side effects, were originally designed to reduce food intake and body weight rather than the metabolic risk factors associated with obesity. In this review, we discuss how, in addition to promoting energy intake, endocannabinoids control lipid and glucose metabolism in several peripheral organs, particularly the liver and adipose tissue. Direct actions in skeletal muscle and pancreas are also emerging. This knowledge may help in the design of future therapies for the metabolic syndrome.

PMID:
23562074
DOI:
10.1016/j.cmet.2013.03.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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