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Int J Drug Policy. 2014 Jan;25(1):71-80. doi: 10.1016/j.drugpo.2013.02.003. Epub 2013 Apr 3.

Requiem for a CAMP: the life and death of a domestic U.S. drug war institution.

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Sarah Lawrence College, 1 Mead Way, Bronxville, NY 10708, United States. Electronic address:


The life and death of California's Campaign Against Marijuana Planting (CAMP, 1983-2012) offers a unique analytical window into the time and space of the U.S. war on drugs in a global context. This paper draws on CAMP report archives, ethnographic interviews, and secondary data sources to locate the significance of CAMP, its demise, and enduring legacy for the political economy of domestic illicit cannabis production in southern Humboldt County, where it was initially focused. I first introduce the economic geography of cannabis production in southern Humboldt County and California. In the first part of the paper, using theoretical frameworks from Critical Geopolitics and International Relations, I examine the geo-politics of CAMP's emergence. In the second part of the paper, I examine industrial reterritorialization associated with its geographies of enforcement over time. I conclude by discussing the eclipse of its foundational logic-and-practice (policing the "Emerald Triangle") by new political and economic geographies of power.


California; Cannabis agriculture; Policing; United States

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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